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Management makes income, supports workers, provides a safe environment for employees, and strategizes about the future direction of the company, then charts a course to arrive at that destination. Being a good manager and leader is a never ending process. The references below are just the beginning.
Costs, Budgets, Pricing, Finance
Use the budget templates below to keep track of costs for various commonly grown plants. There are example worksheets, worksheets for growers to fill in information and also keep track of all pesticide application costs. Growers will be able to use their costs to determine pricing and revenue gained. Just use the worksheets for all different types of plants produced.
- Red Maple Production Budget for Field Grown Trees. Use this budget to keep track of all costs for red maple production. It has example worksheets, worksheets for growers to fill in information and also keep track of all pesticide application costs. Growers will be able to use their costs to determine pricing and revenue gained.
- Holly Production Budgets for Field Grown Plants. Use this budget to keep track of all costs for broad-leaved holly production. It has example worksheets, worksheets for growers to fill in information and also keep track of all pesticide application costs. Growers will be able to use their costs to determine pricing and revenue gained.
- Crape Myrtle Production Budgets for Field Grown Trees. Use this budget to keep track of all costs for Crape Myrtle production. It has example worksheets, worksheets for growers to fill in information and also keep track of all pesticide application costs. Growers will be able to use their costs to determine pricing and revenue gained.
- Dickerson et al. 1983 Costs of Producing and Marketing Rooted Cuttings. A little dated, however the categories associated with producing rooted cuttings have not changed considerably, just the actual costs of the materials, labor, etc.
- Massey et al 2016. Custom Rates for Farm Services in Missouri. Learn what it would it cost for farm services if you hired someone for the job. This serves as a reference for costs in Missouri in 2016, so use the numbers to compare relatively to what you are recording for your costs of doing the same job in North Carolina. Almost every aspect of nursery work is included from clearing land to smoothing it out after plants are dug and shipped. R Massey and J White, Dept of Agricul. Econ. University of Missouri Extension. G302.
Best Management Practices Manuals
Best management practices provide an understanding among producers, consumers, and policy makers that plant quality, economy, and a safe environment for workers and consumers is being considered during production.
- LeBude et al. 2007. A manual for field production of nursery stock. An updated version that includes business licensing, IPM, weed control and production budgets. AV LeBude, TE Bilderback, J Neal, C Adkins, C Safely, and T Feitshans. North Carolina Cooperative Extension.
- LeBude and Bilderback 2008. Field production of nursery stock. Field preparation, planting, and planting density. A small excerpt from the Field BMPs manual, that does into more depth on the topics listed. AV LeBude and TE Bilderback NC State AG-701W.
- Florida Grades and Standards Fifth Ed. 2015. Excellent reference for determining quality of trees, palms, shrubs, conifers, and wetlands mitigation plants. Florida passed these standards through their legislation in 1955 and this is the 5th edition of the manual.
- Rideout and Hensey 2010 Best management practices for climate friendly nurseries v. 1.1. This BMP manual views the nursery through a perspective to reduce energy, resource inputs and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions while achieving greater economic efficiency and profitability. W Rideout and A Hensey. Oregon Association of Nurseries Oregon Environmental Council. Recommendations for Capturing Reductions in Energy and Resource Consumption, Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Operational Costs. Oregon Association of Nurseries, Oregon Environmental Council, Oregon State University, Ecos Consulting. www.climatefriendlynurseries.org
- Haver 2014 BMPs: A water quality field guide for nurseries. A visionary reference that designs the nursery based on keeping water on the property, free of sediment and as clean as possible. Covers pesticide storage, bed layout, and methods to stabilize noncropped areas. D Haver 2007. Cooperative Extension, Orange County Agriculture & Natural Resources University of California.
- Nursery Industry Water Management Best Practice Guidelines for Australia. Over the last 20 years the Australian nursery and garden industry, in partnership with Horticulture Australia Limited, has invested in research to deliver practical outcomes in the areas of improved irrigation practices, more efficient water use, water recycling and disinfestation technology, as well as funding training and extension to deliver this information to industry. This publication aims to incorporate all the available information into a set of Best Practice Guidelines. This project was funded by the Australian nursery industry levy with support from the Australian Government through Horticulture Australia Limited (HAL). Copyright 2010 Nursery & Garden Industry Australia E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Owen and White (eds.). Production practices for an environmentally friendly nursery industry. A targeted approach to design and test solutions to the major challenges affecting nursery production in the areas of environment, irrigation, substrate, and nutrients. Many researchers and extension faculty contributed across the southeast United States. Environmental Resource Management Research Group, Floriculture and Nursery Research Initiative, United State Departmental Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Horticulture Research Institute.
- Landis et al 1990. Container tree nursery manual. Vol II. Containers and growing media. Ch 1 Containers: Types and Functions. A forestry perspective on containers sizes and how they affect growth and physical properties of media. TD Landis in TD LAndis, RW Tinus, SE McDonald, JP Barnett. The container tree nursery manual Volume II Agric. Handbk. 674, Wash., DC, USDA, Forest Service:1-39.
- Landis et al 1990. Container tree nursery manual. Vol II. Containers and growing media. Ch. 2 Growing Media. A comprehensive treatise on using media in containers for growing with a forestry nursery perspective. TD Landis in TD LAndis, RW Tinus, SE McDonald, JP Barnett. The container tree nursery manual Volume II Agric. Handbk. 674, Wash., DC, USDA, Forest Service:41-85.
- Haver 2013. Sediment management goals and management practices for nursery and floriculture 2013 8124. Management Goals (MGs) and Management Practices (MPs) for reducing soil erosion at its source and capturing sediment before it enters waterways, where it can cause water quality impairments downstream. Another excellent reference from Calif extension service and Darren Haver.
Starting a Nursery
Many have dreamed of starting a nursery. The glory of growing plants, being your own boss, making your own schedule, setting your own standards, and exceeding expectations all on your own terms is alluring. Owning a nursery is both intoxicating and the hangover at the same time. There is tremendous responsibility and risk involved, it requires some combination of passion, enthusiasm, dedication, boldness, leadership, kindness, empathy, drive, patience, dedication, perseverance, creativity, ignorance (not knowing some things sometimes pays off, because looking at all the risks can stifle decision making), skill, and some good luck and encouragement from family, friends, the rest of the Green Industry and Cooperative Extension.
- Selling nursery stock in North Carolina 2016. Whitney Swink prepared this short information leaflet about which license to obtain for starting a nursery business. NCDA Plant Industry Divisions – Plant Protection Section Field Supervisor : Michelle S. McGinnis, Ph.D. Mailing Address: 1060 Mail Service Center, Raleigh NC 27699-1060 Physical Address: 216 West Jones Street, Raleigh NC 27603 Phone:(919) 707-3742; FAX: (919) 733-1041
- Halcomb M. and D. Fare. 2009. The Pot N Pot Production System. Mark Halcomb, UT Area Nursery Specialist, and Dr. Donna Fare, Research Horticulturist, U.S. National Arboretum, McMinnville, Tenn. The standard reference for choosing, designing, and implementing a Pot-n-Pot system.
- Adopters of New Farm Ideas. Characteristics and Communications Behavior NCR13. Just an excellent reference to understand the behaviors of the population you are working with in agriculture in terms of change acceptance and adoption. As a new grower, there are behaviors described that are favorable to adopt to help success. Even though the byline is dated, the concepts are fresh. Bohlen, J., C.M. Coughenour, H.F. Lionberger, E.O. Moe, and E.M. Rogers. 1961
- Vanek, S. and D. Ingram 2014. Principles and approaches for optimizing efficiency in nursery and landscape businesses Lean Management HO-110. WOW! This is the only comprehensive approach using LEAN management for nurseries. The article provides many real-world examples of how operations can be improved using concepts of Lean Management, a program developed from the principles of the Toyota Production System (from Toyota Motor Corporation). The goal of the article isn’t to teach Lean Management, but to stimulate new ideas and ways of approaching efficiency. Published by the Sustainable Production Systems Series from Kentucky Cooperative Extension.