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NC State Extension


Plant propagation is the simplest and most inexpensive way to become a nurseryman, and many have dabbled in it as a hobby then gone on to make a living providing liners for potting, planting in the field, or transplanting to the landscape. Learnt the basics below.


  • Hamilton and Midcap 1999. Installation of mist propagation equipment. Comprehensive reference that covers mist systems, equipment, costs and structures. DF Hamilton and JT Midcap. University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service. Circular 417.



Grafting plants marries an understock to the desired cultivar to produce a unique individual that should grow well after planting, and produce the traits intended. Below are some basics concepts about grafting and some references to explain techniques and make the task easier and more successful.

Technical Publications

Extension Publications

Hamilton and Midcap 2003. Propagation of woody ornamentals by grafting and budding. Good coverage of common grafting techniques and T-budding. Discusses tools and techniques. DF Hamilton and JT Midcap University of Florida IFAS Extension CIR416.

Stoltz and Strang. Reproducing fruit trees by graftage: budding and grafting. Reference for producing fruit trees asexually. LP Stoltz and J Strang. University Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service HO-39.

Starbuck, CJ 2002. Budding. Fairly comprehensive on the subject. Agricultural Extension University of Missouri-Columbia G 6972.

Bilderback, Ted 2014. Grafting and Budding Nursery Crop Plants. Grafting and budding are horticultural techniques used to join parts from two or more plants so that they appear to grow as a single plant. In grafting, the upper part (scion) of one plant grows on the root system (rootstock) of another plant. In the budding process, a bud is taken from one plant and grown on another. NC State Extension.

General References

Raulston, JC 1995. Plant Propagation Budding and Grafting. Rootstocks for ornamentals production and use in the southeastern United States. JC Raulston presentation gave at an IPPS meeting in Charleston, SC. Lists various rootstocks to use for grafting plants.

International Plant Propagator’s Society (IPPS). The mission of IPPS – with a focus on the global community of those involved in horticultural plant production – is • to share knowledge, information and skills; • to provide guidance and support for lifelong career achievements; • to increase recognition of the profession; and • to maximize the integration of research, education, and horticultural knowledge.